Colombian Mercenaries in Demand

 

Photo source: The New Arab
By Naveed Qazi | Editor, Globe Upfront

Mercenaries change the warfare in profound ways. They commercialise it, and Colombian mercenaries are in demand because of a good value. It is because they have a considerable clout in their field, as they fought FARC rebels in the past. They are willing for an early retirement, and confronting a meagre pension, making contractual mercenary work enticing for themselves.

Middle East has become a lucrative ground for Colombian mercenaries, with soldiers involved across Yemen, Libya, Iraq, Afghanistan and the UAE. The Middle East is a hotspot because it is a ‘conflict market’. There is also a tradition in Middle East of hiring foreign mercenaries and it is not considered a taboo. Wealthy people and wealthy governments are willing to pay a lot of money. The mercenaries have been lured by salaries more than eight times larger than what they would receive as retirees in Colombia.

It was in 2015 when New York Times first revealed that hundreds of Colombian mercenaries had been contracted by the UAE to fight Houthi rebels in Yemen. The recruits were paid between $2,000 to $3,000 a month, with $1,000 bonuses for those deployed directly to Yemen for the toughest missions. Sometimes, the money paid even went upto $7,000 a month, and the mercenaries were lured with additional benefits such as immediate Emirati citizenship, a privilege extended to their immediate family members, alongside free access to public healthcare and education for their children.

According to the Times article, the UAE military has taken control of a program to hire mercenaries that had been originally headed by a private US firm hired by Erik Prince, founder of Blackwater Worldwide, a company that provides security services to the Pentagon, principally in Iraq and Afghanistan. Then, Times reported that after Blackwater stopped doing the recruiting of mercenaries, the job went to Global Enterprises, a Colombian firm run by Óscar García Batte, a former commander of special operations in Colombia’s army who once commanded the Colombian troops in the UAE, and was deployed in Yemen. Other sources say this task of recruiting mercenaries is actually done by a Colombian company called ID Systems Ltd. The first journalist to mention ID Systems was Nathalia Hernández in Don Juan, a magazine published by the daily El Tiempo. Hernández was the first reporter to write about the presence of the mercenaries in Yemen. Her story, published in Febuary 2015, was particularly valuable because she lived with one of the mercenaries in Abu Dhabi for twelve months.

Blackwater contracted a Colombian firm named ID Systems Ltd to recruit men who were usually not on ‘active duty’. Most of the men who trained in the program were retirees, and were in trouble for human rights violations. Although, some were on active duty as well. The Colombian government kept a silence after Hernadez’s article was published. She specifically used a term ‘responsible for false positives’, where killings by the mercenaries were made to look as combat fatalities.

Colombian guns for hire also featured in the Libyan civil war in 2011, with reports suggesting that they fought loyalist Gaddafi forces, as well as anti Gaddafi rebels. Some also got killed in the Yemeni city of Taiz, and some got killed when anti-Gaddafi rebels raided a Gaddafi compound.

However, Colombian mercenaries are also recruited for doing more menial tasks. In 2011, Colombian military veterans, had been recruited to defend oil pipelines, and skycrapers. Previously, in 2006, Colombian mercenaries deceived themselves undertaking private security work in Iraq.

An investigation by the Colombian outlet Semana revealed a Blackwater-owned company in Bogotá had hired the veterans for a lucrative six-month security job to defend US military bases in the area. Despite being promised a salary of $7,000 per month, the veterans only received $1,000 a month, and were forced to see out the duration of their contracts in Baghdad.

The transition programs to a civil life usually don’t work well for them. Years of war leave a certain psychological trauma, and it leaves soldiers helpless. Many feel ostracised, with their profession and identity lost in a limbo. Some face precarious job opportunities, and pensions that don’t allow them for a good quality of life. Thus, these kinds of private industries are something not so tempting because they have economic and psychological instability.

The lack of accountability, the lack of clear international and domestic law is one of the reasons that this industry is flaming abroad. That's why nation states who already have strong militaries are turning to mercenaries, because if things do go wrong, they could disown them, fire them, or even prosecute them. They would never do that to their own troops. That’s where the moral dilemma lies.

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